The authorities of Maine have reported two new cases of infection dangerous (and potentially deadly) virus, Powassan. This virus is transmitted by ticks, and it can be transmitted by the bite of an infected parasite. In this respect, the virus Powassan similar to borreliae, bacteria that cause Lyme disease, also called Lyme disease. However, the virus is much faster than borreliae infection, often after a matter of minutes after the bite.
“It’s a virus, and Lyme disease causing bacteria, says Dr. Kent Holtorf (Kent Holtorf), an expert on Lyme disease and medical Director of Holtorf Medical Group. If Lyme disease is possible “to catch” in time, antibiotics can handle him. But in the case of virus treatment options much less.”
Dr. Holtorf also noted that symptoms of the disease caused by a virus, Powassan, much more serious than Lyme disease. In addition, the virus easily gets into the brain, causing long-term disorders. Patients from Maine began to produce the first complaint in April of this year, then they were hospitalized with encephalitis. Now they have just been discharged from the hospital, but the rehabilitation process continues.
Symptoms not everyone infected and not all infected become ill. If the disease began to develop, it most often manifests itself in the form of fever, headaches, vomiting, feelings of weakness, confusion, seizures and memory loss. In 10-15% of cases the disease is fatal. Most often symptoms appear in people with suppressed immunity and in those who previously suffered from tick-borne diseases such as West Nile fever, dengue fever or Lyme disease.
“The risk is very small, adds Dr. Holtorf, referring to the fact that every year in the United States registered an average of about 7 cases of the disease. But there are people who still get infected, and although most of the disease will not develop, there will be those who will suffer from encephalitis and whose brain get serious damage. Today, you are perfectly healthy, and after a few weeks is lying with a respirator and never recovered completely.”
The expert also noted that the recent increase in the number of cases of diseases carried by ticks is likely due to the fact that the last two winters in the state have been unusually warm, and the pathogens could mutate, becoming more dangerous than before.
The state government appeal to lovers of nature, and all who in any way is often out of town, caution. To reduce the chance of the bite, Dr. Holtorf, Recalling the recommendations of the Centers for control and prevention of diseases (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) advised to use the repellent DEET and wear long pants tucked into socks, and regularly inspect the skin in search of bites.
“In the case of Lyme disease you can go home, take a shower and then start figuring out whether the bites, says Dr. Holtorf. — The problem with the virus, Powassan is that it gives you so much time.”